Melasma treatment options
What causes melasma?
Melasma is a common skin problem that mainly affects people with brown skin, particularly in areas of high sun exposure like the face, especially the cheeks, bridge of nose, forehead, and upper lip.
This common pigmentary disorder appears as dark or brown discolored patches on the face.
According to the American Academy of Dermatology, 90 percent of people who develop melasma are women between 20 and 50 years, with a higher prevalence in Latin- America, Asia, Middle East, and Northern Africa.
Also known as the “mask of pregnancy,” melasma may appear in pregnant women because estrogen and progesterone sensitivity are also associated with the condition.
Melasma may be due to the malfunction of the melanocytes (the color-making cells) in the skin, causing them to produce too much color.
As a result, people with darker skin tones are more likely to develop melasma, as they have more melanocytes than people with lighter skin.
In addition, products or treatments that irritate the skin may cause an increase in melanin production and accelerate melasma symptoms.
Experts believe that the dark patches in melasma could be triggered by several factors like birth control pills, hormone replacement therapy (HRT and progesterone), and anti-seizure medications.
People with a genetic predisposition or known family history of melasma are at an increased risk of developing melasma.
Important prevention methods for these individuals include sun avoidance and application of extra sunblock to avoid stimulating pigment production.
What are the treatment options for melasma?
The treatment options are various and the one for you will depend on the diagnosis. Here you can find treatment options and health providers in the Dominican Republic.
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Aesthetic and Anti-Aging MD